History – Chronological Understanding

Subject Key Objective Progression & Development by Year Groups

The following is a guide to help you understand your child’s progression through school.

All lessons are differentiated. This means teachers plan activities that enable the objective to be learned by all children including those who will find the objective challenging, those children who with hard work will secure good progress and those children who can tackle extra stretch and challenge in this subject.

History – Chronological Understanding – Primary Curriculum


Foundation – Chronological understanding

Pupils begin to answer questions about what happens next.


Year 1 – Chronological understanding

Pupils recognise the difference between present and past in their own and other people’s lives.


Year 2 – Chronological understanding

Pupils show their developing sense of chronology by using terms concerned with the passing of time.


Year 3 – Chronological understanding

Pupils show their developing understanding of chronology by their realisation that the past can be divided into different periods of time.


Year 4 – Chronological understanding

Pupils show their increasing understanding of chronology by recognising that the past can be divided into different periods of time.


Year 5 – Chronological understanding

Pupils begin to show factual knowledge and understanding of aspects of the history of Britain.


Year 6 – Chronological understanding

Pupils show factual knowledge and understanding of aspects of the history of Britain and the wider world.


Mastery – Chronological understanding

Pupils use factual knowledge and understanding of the history of Britain and the wider world to identify changes within and across different periods.

This collection of short films and resources will help you understand your child’s progression through school.

The curriculum film resource has been broken down by subject area initially and then by topic area.